Phd Geography Question Paper

General Instructions:

1. This paper contains two sections ‘A’ and ‘B’. Each

Section contains 100 questions. All questions are


2. Each question carries three marks.

3. Every question has four alternative answers (A, B,

C, D). Only one answer is correct. The answer

Which you think to be correct, the corresponding

Oval should be darkened by Black/Blue ball point

Pen only in OMR answer sheet.



Maximum Marks : 600


Question : 100


101.Who among the following is related

to Nearest Neighbour Method?

(A) P.J. Clark & F.C. Evans

(B) Nelson P. Lewis

(C) L.D. Stamp

(D) H.M. Mayer

102.Ria is an example of :

(A) Deposited land

(B) Submerged upland shorelines

(C) Emerged upland shorelines

(D) Eroded landforms

103.Who propounded the concept of

Base level?

(A) Penk

(B) Davis

(C) Powell

(D) Hutton

104.An aircraft is flying at an altitude of

10km. At that altitude the Temperature

is –400C. What is the temperature

of the ground below the aircraft:

(A) 150C

(B) 250C

(C) 350C

(D) 450C


105.As per 2011 census which one of

the following states reported lowest

percent of urban population:

(A) Bihar

(B) Himachal Pradesh

(C) Rajasthan

(D) Sikkim

106.Who among the following used Central

Business Index Method for delineation

of C.B.D.?

(A) R.L. Singh

(B) S.M. Ali

(C) Murphy and Vance

(D) C.D. Harris

107.Which one of the following pairs is not

correctly matched? Select the correct

answer from the code given below:

(1) The sector theory-Homer Hoyt

(2) Multiple Nuclei theory- C.D. Harris

& E.L. Ullmann

(3) Industrial location theory- Alfred


(4) Demographic Transition theory-

T.L. Smith

(A) 1

(B) 2

(C) 3

(D) 4


108.As per Census 2011, the total number

of Metropolitan cities in India is


(A) 40

(B) 48

(C) 53

(D) 68

109.Rank-size rule was propounded

by :

(A) G.K. Zipf

(B) Mark Jefferson

(C) O.H.K Spate

(D) Jean Gottmann

110.Who stated that Umland of a town

is that portion of surrounding country,

which is linked culturally with the

town as a centre?

(A) D. Whittlessey

(B) Spencer

(C) G. Taylor

(D) A.E. Smailes

111.The term Megalopolis was first time

used by:

(A) C.D. Harris

(B) Jean Gottmann

(C) G. Taylor

(D) Lewis Mumford

112.The central place theory was propounded

by Walter Christaller in the


(A) 1931

(B) 1933

(C) 1939

(D) 1951

113.Who among the followings divided Rural

settlement on the basis of four

major Morphological, Components

these are homogenous part, Central

part, circulatory part and special part?

(A) C.A. Doxiadis

(B) C.D. Harris

(C) R.L. Singh

(D) A.E. Smailes

114.Who among the following is related

to work on measurement of spacing

of settlement?

(A) J.A. Barnes & A.H. Robinson

(B) G.K. Zipf

(C) E.L. Ullman

(D) G. Taylor

115.Who among the following stated that

Urban Geography is concerned with

interpreting the patterns and relationship

that exist within the urban are as

on the one hand and between the urban

areas and non urban areas that

cities serve on the other hand.

(A) H.M. Mayer

(B) L.D. Stamp

(C) R.E. Dickinson

(D) None of these


116.Who among the following is known

as father of Electoral geography?

(A) C.D. Forde

(B) T.W. Freeman

(C) Andre Siegfried

(D) P.M. Roxby

117.Who one of the following is not an

American Geographer?

(A) Mark Jefferson

(B) William Morris Davis

(C) Isaiah Bowman

(D) A.J. Herbertson

118.Which of the following is not correctly


(1) Kitab Muraj Al Dahab-Al Masudi

(2) A book of Routes and Realms-

Ibn Hawqal

(3) Tarikhul Hind- Al Idrisi

(4) Kitab Al Hind- Al Beruni

(A) 1

(B) 2

(C) 3

(D) 4

119.The famous book ‘The culture of

cities’ was written by :

(A) A.E. Smailes

(B) Lewis Mumford

(C) P.W. Brayan

(D) H.J. Fleure


120.Friedrich Ratzel and Ferdinand von

richthofen was belongs to the period

of :

(A) Possiblistic paradigm

(B) Romantic analytical paradigm

(C) Environmentalistic paradigm

(D) Chorological paradigm

121.Which of the following pair is not correctly

matched. Select correct answer

from the code given below?

(1) Marco Polo- Venice (Italy)

(2) Christopher Columbus-Genoa


(3) Captain James Cook-Yorkshire


(4) Ferdinand Magellan-Barcelona


(A) 1

(B) 2

(C) 3

(D) 4

122.Who among the following was the

propounder of concept of Positivism?

(A) August Comte

(B) J.Q. Stewart

(C) Herbert Spencer

(D) William Bunge

123.Which one of the following is not related

to traditional paradigm?

(A) Teleological descriptive paradigm

(B) Romantic Analytical paradigm

(C) Environmentalistic paradigm

(D) Humanistic paradigm


124.India’s population growth rate has

been continuously declining since:

(A) 1961-71

(B) 1971-81

(C) 1981-91

(D) 1991-2001

125.A suitable indicator of optimum

population is :

(A) Resources could support a larger

population without reduction in

living standard

(B) Excess population over potential


(C) Population enabling maximum

percapita output high living standards,

under given economic and

technological conditions

(D) All of these

126.The Primitive population of the And

–man Islands belongs to which racial


(A) Negroids

(B) Negrito

(C) Australoids

(D) Mangoloids

127.Which religions group has lowest

population in India?

(A) Bauddh

(B) Jain

(C) Christian

(D) Muslims

124.Yeejle ceW pevemebKÙee Je=efæ oj keâye mes efvejvlej keâce

nes jner nw:

(A) 1961-71

(B) 1971-81

(C) 1981-91

(D) 1991-2001


128.The first ancient urban settlement was :

(A) Ur ( Mesopotamia)

(B) Harappa and Mohenjodaro

(Indus valley)

(C) Fila (Nile Valley)

(D) None of the above

129.According to 2011 census the state

having highest density of population

in India is :

(A) Kerala

(B) Bihar

(C) West Bengal

(D) Uttar Pradesh

130.Name the Five Year Plan (FYP) in

which the “Voluntary sterilization

population policy’’ was introduced?

(A) First FYP

(B) Second FYP

(C) Third FYP

(D) Fourth FYP

131.Demographic transition theory was

based on the survey of :

(A) Developing Countries

(B) Developed Countries

(C) Under developed Countries

(D) Oriental Countries

132.According to 2011 Census the correct

sequence of population density

in descending order in the given

states of India is :

(A) Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand,


(B) Nagaland, Punjab, Uttarakhand,


(C) Rajasthan, Punjab, Uttarakhand,


(D) Uttarakhand, Nagaland,

Rajasthan, Punjab


133.Resection is the method of finding:

(A) One’s position

(B) Position of any object

(C) The direction in field

(D) Dip angle in the field

134.Who one of the following is associated

with the theory of Distinct

Modes of Life?

(A) Humbolt

(B) Herbertson

(C) Vidal de la Blache

(D) E.C. Semple

135.The following diagram represents :

(A) Water fall (B) Col

(C) Ridge (D) Spur

136.In spherical diagram, the radius of

spheres are proportionate to the :

(A) Cube root of the quantities

(B) Square root of the quantities

(C) Percentage of the quantities

(D) Actual quantities

137.According to Burgess model the

zone next to CBD is a zone of:

(A) Working class housing and industries

(B) Suburb inhabited by middle class

and wealthy citizens

(C) Middle class housing and government


(D) None of the above


138.Who wrote “Law of Migration”?

(A) J.J. Clark

(B) Chandana and Mehta

(C) E. Raveustein

(D) W. Thompson

139.Traffic flow diagram represents:

(A) Total traffic movement along line

of communication

(B) Speed of traffic along roads

(C) Velocity of traffic along line of


(D) Traffic rules

140.A settlement near a desert oasis is

likely to have:

(A) A Linear shape

(B) An oval shape

(C) No specific shape

(D) None of these

141.In weather map closely spaced is isobars

represents wind with:

(A) Very high velocity

(B) Lesser velocity

(C) Very high pressure

(D) Calm region before storm

142.A diagram which shows plotting of

independent frequency distribution is:

(A) Linear Regression Diagram

(B) Dispersion Diagram

(C) Scatter Diagram

(D) None of these


143.Why the annual range of temperature

of middle areas of continents is

high as compared to coastal areas?

(1) Thermal difference between land

and water.

(2) Variation in altitude between land

and water

(3) Presence of strong winds in

middle area

(4) Heavy rains in middle areas as

compared to coast.

Select the correct answer using following


(A) 1 only

(B) 1 and 2 only

(C) 2 and 3 only

(D) 1, 2 ,3 and 4

144.Name the projection in which all the

parallels are standard parallels.

(A) Gnomonic Projection

(B) Polyconic projection

(C) Zenithal equal area projection

(D) Stereographic projection

145.The term ‘Conurbation’ was coined

by :

(A) P. Geddes

(B) M. Jefferson

(C) E.W. Burges

(D) None of these

146.Who wrote the book “Statistical

Methods and Geographer”?

(A) A.H. Robinson

(B) S. Gregory

(C) G.C. Dickinson

(D) M.S. David


147.Consider the following statements:

(1) ‘La Nina’ is characterised by unusually

cold. Ocean current in

equatorial Indian Ocean where

as ‘El Nino’ is characterised by

unusually warm ocean current in

the equatorial Pacific ocean.

(2) El Nino has adverse effect on

south-west monsoon of India,

but La Nina has no effect on monsoon


Which of the statements given above

is/are correct?

(A) 1 only

(B) 2 only

(C) Both 1 and 2

(D) Neither 1 nor 2

148.Consider these pairs:

(1) Cardamom Hills-Coromandal


(2) Kaimur Hills- Konkan Coast

(3) Mahadeo Hills-Central India

(4) Mikir Hills- North-East India

Which of the above pairs are correctly


(A) 1 and 2

(B) 2 and 3

(C) 3 and 4

(D) 2 and 4


149.Anthropo-centric viewpoint in Geography

was firstly adopted by –

(A) Humboldt

(B) Ritter

(C) Ratzel

(D) Richthofen

150.Normally, the temperature decreases

with the increase in height

from the earth’s surface because:

(1) the atmosphere can be heated

upwards only from the earth’s


(2) there is more moisture in the

upper atmosphere

(3) the air is less dense in the upper


Select the correct answer using the

codes given below:

(A) 1 only

(B) 2 and 3 only

(C) 1 and 3 only

(D) 1,2 and 3

151.Consider the following areas:

(1) Bandipur

(2) Bhitarkanika

(3) Manas

(4) Sunderbans

Which of the above are Tiger Reserves?

(A) 1 and 2 only

(B) 1, 3 and 4 only

(C) 2, 3 and 4 only

(D) 1, 2, 3 and 4


152.The ‘Kitab-al Hind’ was written by

(A) Ibn Khaldun

(B) Ibn-Batuta

(C) Al Baruni

(D) Al Idrisi

153.Who introduced the teleological viewpoint

of Carl Ritter to the American


(A) Arnold Guyot

(B) Ellsworth Huntington

(C) Isaiah Bowman

(D) W.M. Davis

154.What concept did Ratzel-Kjellen-Carl

Haushofer develop about a state?

(A) Political Landscape school

(B) Political ecology school

(C) Political power school

(D) Organic state school

155.W.Christaller’s classification of towns

is based on-

(A) Centralized services

(B) Number of persons

(C) Number of live stock

(D) Employment Figures

156.Who one of the following developed

the ‘Concept of Conurbation’?

(A) E.W. Burgess

(B) W.J. Reily

(C) G.K. Zipf

(D) Patrick Geddes

157.Which one of the following soils is

also called black soil?

(A) Podzol

(B) Chestnut

(C) Chernozem

(D) Laterite

158.The word ‘Possibilism’ was firstly

coinal by :

(A) Blache

(B) Brunches

(C) M. Sore

(D) Febvre

159.On which of the following rivers the

‘Dhuandhar’ waterfall is located?

(A) Mahanadi

(B) Tapi

(C) Godavari

(D) Narmada

160.Tungbhadra and Bhima rivers are

tributaries of-

(A) Narmada

(B) Krishna

(C) Mahanadi

(D) Godavari

161.The theory of terrestrial unity was

propounded by:

(A) Vidal dela Blache

(B) Ritter

(C) Mackinder

(D) Humboldt


162.The bulk of rainfall along the

Coromandal coast is derived from

(A) Seasonal Shifting of trade winds

(B) The retreating monsoon winds

(C) Depressions originating over

central Bay of Bengal

(D) North-East Monsoon winds

163.Brahmputra river in the Himalyas

presents an example of :

(A) Superimposed drainage

(B) Anticedent drainage

(C) Subsequent drainage

(D) Consequent drainage

164.The largest tribal group of India is

(A) Santhals

(B) Bhils

(C) Gonds

(D) Nagas

165.Which one of the following rock systems

has the most mineralised rocks

in India?

(A) Cuddapah

(B) Dharwar

(C) Gondwana

(D) Vindhyan


166.Ranchi Plateau is an example of

(A) True Peneplain

(B) Uplifted Peneplain

(C) Downwarped Peneplain

(D) Incipient Peneplain

167.When do the storms of small dimensions

known as ‘Nor-wester’develop

at the head of Bay of Bengal?

(A) November-December

(B) January-February

(C) April-May

(D) June-July

168.Which soil covers the second largest

area in India?

(A) Alluvial soil

(B) Black soil

(C) Laterite soil

(D) Red soil

169.Ankaleshwar is famous for

(A) Uranium

(B) Coal

(C) Petroleum

(D) Diamond


170.Which one of the following map projections

is most suitable for showing

the cultivation of wheat in the


(A) Mercator

(B) Sinusoidal

(C) Mollweide

(D) Cylindrical equal area

171.Settlements of The Nagas are usually

located at

(A) Hill slope

(B) Rivers banks

(C) River terraces

(D) Ridge tops

172.Which one of the river is not a

Anticedent river?

(A) Sindhu

(B) Satluj

(C) Vyas

(D) Ganga

173.Talcher coal fields lie in

(A) Mahanadi Valley

(B) Son Valley

(C) Damodar Valley

(D) Godavari Valley


174.What is R.F. if the given scale 3

centimetres are equal to 9


(A) 1:27,000

(B) 1:30,000

(C) 1:45,000

(D) 1:90,000

175.International projecton is the modified

form of :

(A) Polyconic projection

(B) Mollweide projection

(C) Bonne’s projection

(D) Gall’s projection

176.The Ergograph was propounded by

(A) A.G. Ogilive

(B) A.Geddes

(C) E.Raisz

(D) A.H. Robinson

177.Which one of the following methods

uses lines to show the distribution

of population density in a country or


(A) Chorochromatic

(B) Choropleth

(C) Choroschematic

(D) Isopleth


178.The rice-producing areas are associated


(A) High density of population

(B) Moderate density of population

(C) Low density of population

(D) None of the above

179.Who among the following noted first

the regularity between the sizes of

cities and their rank?

(A) Zipf

(B) Jefferson

(C) Auerbach

(D) Christaller

180.Selva Forests are:

(A) Broad leaf deciduous forests

(B) Broad leaf evergreen forests

(C) Coniferous evergreen forests

(D) Coniferous deciduous forests

181.Which one of the following instruments

is used to measure the distance

between two points on a map?

(A) Pantograph

(B) Opisometer

(C) Photometer

(D) Planimeter

182.Tertiary divisons help in reading distances

upto two decimal places on

(A) Plain scale

(B) Vernier scale

(C) Comparative scale

(D) Diagonal scale


183.The Karaganda Basin is famous for

the mining of

(A) Iron ore

(B) Bauxite

(C) Copper

(D) Coal

184.Which of the following geometrical

patterns of rural settlements are

most common in India?

(A) Radial

(B) Rectangular

(C) Circular

(D) Parallel

185.Which one of the following reservoirs is

associated with the Rihand projects?

(A) Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar

(B) Gandhi Sagar

(C) Jawahar Sagar

(D) Govind Sagar

186.Who among the followings gave the

concept of ‘Rimland theory’?

(A) Griffith Taylor

(B) O.H.K. Spate

(C) A. Ratzel

(D) Spykman

187.The Broken Hill of Australia is famous

for the mining of

(A) Zinc

(B) Silver

(C) Lead

(D) All of the above


188.Which one of the following is not a

tropical desert?

(A) Atacama

(B) Arabia

(C) Gobi

(D) Kalahari

189.Mental map studies were promoted


(A) Behavioural geography

(B) Humanistic geography

(C) Quantitative geography

(D) Radical geography

190.The percentage of the schedule

tribes population is the highest in-

(A) Arunachal Pradesh

(B) Mizoram

(C) Meghalaya

(D) Nagaland

191.Who amongst the following used

hair texture to classify world

races ?

(A) A.L. Kroeber

(B) Blueman Basve

(C) T. Huxley

(D) Von Eickstedt


192.Which type of soil is found in the coniferous


(A) Chestnut

(B) Podsol

(C) Chernozem

(D) Regur

193.The annual range of temperature is

minimum at:

(A) Thiruvananthpuram

(B) Kochi

(C) Panjim

(D) Mumbai

194.Sinai Peninsula lies in

(A) Egypt

(B) Saudi Arabia

(C) Iran

(D) Turkey

195.Which one of the following vegetational

species has the largest area

coverage in India?

(A) Sheesham

(B) Sal

(C) Deodar

(D) Teak

196.Rangpo in Sikkim is famous for

(A) Mica

(B) Bauxite

(C) Copper

(D) Petroleum


197.The “Wheat Crescent Area” lies in

(A) Australia

(B) Argentina

(C) Canada

(D) U.S.A.

198.As per 2011 Census, the most urbanized

state of India is

(A) Goa

(B) Keral

(C) Mizoram

(D) Tamil Nadu

199. The Pirpanjal range is a part of

(A) Trans-Himalaya

(B) Greater-Himalaya

(C) Shivalik Himalaya

(D) Lesser Himalaya

200. According to 2011 census the highest

Sex Ratio in India is found in

(A) Manipur

(B) Kerala

(C) Bihar

(D) West Bengal


error: Copyright Content , Copy Not Allowed ! Please Share This Link Directly.